Dec 13, 2018  
2018-2019 Supplemental Undergraduate Catalog 
    
2018-2019 Supplemental Undergraduate Catalog

Biology Major, BS


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Program Description

The Bachelors of Science (B.S.) degree in biology provides a strong foundation in life sciences emphasizing an interdisciplinary and liberal education approach. Biology majors study the diversity of life, and vital topics such as structure and function, evolution, genetics, and cellular and molecular biology. Students considering a degree in the Biological Sciences can opt for a general curriculum or could choose to focus in a particular area by selecting one of five areas of concentration listed below.  All of these curricula lead to a variety of overlapping post-graduation school and career options.  In addition to a major in Biology, the program also offers minors in Biology, Biotechnology, and Neuroscience for non-biology majors.  We encourage students to examine the differences in course requirements and select a curriculum that best matches their academic interests.  

Concentrations

  • General Biology (GBIO)
  • Biotechnology (BTC)
  • Cellular and Molecular Biology (CMOL)
  • Microbiology (MBIO)
  • Neuroscience (NSC)
  • Pre-Health Professional (HLT)

Student Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the program, the student will:

  • Demonstrate both in-depth and broad knowledge of the concepts comprising the biological sciences.
  • Integrate knowledge across sub-disciplines of biology.
  • Demonstrate basic laboratory skills, including quantitative (and qualitative) skills.
  • Demonstrate critical thinking skills, including developing hypotheses and designing, conducting, analyzing, and interpreting experiments.
  • Communicate biological knowledge effectively in written and oral form.
  • Find, select, and evaluate various types of scientific information.

General Major Requirements

Students majoring in biology must complete a minimum of 120 semester hours (SH) in order to graduate.  This includes satisfying the General Education (GE) course requirements, completing outlined areas of foundation, breadth, and depth courses, and appropriate elective requirements. Several of these courses can also be taken as part of the general education (GE) requirements. Required major courses include 22 SH of Foundation courses, 21 SH of Breadth courses and 14 SH of Depth courses. A minimum grade of C- or better is required in each of the Foundation, Breadth and Depth courses. In addition, during the senior year, all students must complete and present a Senior Reflection Project. This project provides a “capstone” experience and will be in the form of an e-portfolio.

Students who plan to attend graduate, professional, or medical school may need additional courses that are not required for the biology major. Students are strongly advised to investigate the requirements early, consult with their advisors, and plan their schedules accordingly.

Major Curriculum

Foundation Courses (22 Semester Hours)

The following foundation courses are required to prepare students for both breadth and depth studies.

BIO 1313  /BIO 1113  Gen Biology I and Lab (GE)

BIO 1314  /BIO 1114  Gen Biology II and Lab (GE)

BIO 1307   Scientific Writing (GE)

          [Pre-requisite:  Level I writing course] (GE)

CHE 1313  /CHE 1113  Gen Chem I and Lab (GE)

[Pre-requisite:  MAT 1311  or higher]

CHE 1314  /CHE 1114  Gen Chem II and Lab (GE)

*MAT 2326  /PSY 2326  /SOC 2326  /GER 2326  or MAT 3310  or EXS 2310  or MAT 2317  Calculus I (all are GE except MAT 3310  )

*For most medical and graduate programs at least 2 semesters of math are required, at least one in calculus.

Breadth (21 Semester Hours minimum)

Students must complete CHE 2326  (Organic Chemistry I; lab is optional) and PHY 1321  /PHY 1121  (College Physics I lecture/lab).  Students must complete the remaining 13-14 hours by taking a minimum one course (with or without accompanying lab) from each of the Areas I, II, III, and IV.  Courses used to fulfill the breadth areas may not be used to fulfill depth concentration requirements.

Area I (2–4 SH): Biotechniques and Lab Skills

BIO 1315  Intro to Biotechnology (BIO 1115  lab optional)

BIO 3201   Tissue Culture

BIO 2277   Investigation & Research I

BIO 3277   Investigation & Research II

BIO 3333   Field Biology

Area II (3–4 SH): Cells & Molecules   

Optional laboratories may be taken with the lecture to fulfill the breadth hours.

BIO 3337   Biomolecules (BIO 3137  lab optional)

BIO 3342   Introduction to Molecular Biology

BIO 3364   Cell Biology (BIO 3164  lab optional)

Area III (3–4 SH): Structure & Function   

Optional laboratories may be taken with the lecture to fulfill the breadth hours.

BIO 3231  /BIO 3232  Microbiology with lab

BIO 3311  /BIO 3111  Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology with lab

BIO 3336   Developmental Biology (BIO 3136  lab optional)

BIO 3343   Histology (BIO 3143  lab optional)

BIO 2311  /BIO 2111  Anatomy & Physiology I with lab

Area IV (3 SH): Heredity, Evolution, & Diversity    

Optional laboratories may be taken with the course to fulfill the breadth hours.

BIO 2310      Zoology (BIO 2110  lab optional)

BIO 2316      Botany (BIO 2116  lab optional)

BIO 3366      Genetics (BIO 3166  lab optional)

BIO 3371      Ecology & Evolution (BIO 3171  lab optional)

Depth (14 Semester Hours)

The biological sciences program does offer a General Biology (GBIO) degree. However, students may alternatively elect to choose to focus in a specific area by selecting 1 of 5 areas of depth or concentration (minimum 14 SH).  The optional concentration areas are Biotechnology (BTC), Cellular and Molecular Biology (CMOL), Microbiology (MBIO), Neuroscience (NSC), and Pre-Professional (HLT). 

General Biology

The General Biology degree without a concentration allows students to explore several biological disciplines instead of concentrating on one specific area.  Students will obtain a greater breadth of knowledge by completing additional coursework in breadth areas II, III and IV and BIO elective courses if needed.  This concentration is designed for students seeking a more general education in the biological sciences and for students who do not have immediate plans to enter graduate or professional schools.  This concentration would be particularly suited for those students pursuing a career in education.

General Biology (≥) 14 SH without Concentration

Required Courses (4 SH)

BIO 4276  

Seminar

BIO 4277  

Investigation and Research III

In addition to the required 14 SH in the breadth areas, students with a focus in General Biology must complete 11-15 SH consisting of one additional course from each of the Breadth Areas (II, III and IV) along with one Biology elective course ≥ 3000 level).

Biotechnology

The Biology degree with a Biotechnology concentration is designed for scholars seeking work in the pharmaceutical or biotech industry and allows students to gain hands-on experience using several cutting-edge molecular techniques and research instrumentation.  Additionally, this concentration focuses on developing more advanced technical skills that are essential for career success. 

Biotechnology Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (4 SH)

BIO 4276  

Seminar

BIO 4277  

Investigation and Research III

or

BIO 4406  

Biotechnology Internship

 

≥ 10 SH of any of the following depth courses

BIO 3305  

Topics in Bioinformatics

BIO 3334  

Molecular Biology and Biotech I

BIO 3335  

Molecular Biology and Biotech II

BIO 4374  

Proteomics

BIO 4347  

Molecular Genetics

BIO 3201  

Tissue Culture

BIO 3347  

Industrial Microbiology

BIO 3147  

Industrial Microbiology Lab

BIO 3352  

Biotechnology Regulations, Laws & Ethics

BUA 3302  

Business Ethics

Cellular and Molecular Biology

The Biology degree with a Cellular and Molecular Biology concentration prepares students to be at the cutting edge in modern cell and molecular biology and to be fully prepared to be competitive in applications for entry into graduate degree programs; medical, veterinary, or dental programs; or technical industrial jobs. 

Cell & Molecular Biology Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (4 SH)

BIO 4276  

Seminar

BIO 4277  

Investigation and Research III

≥ 10 SH of any of the following depth courses

BIO 3336  

Developmental Biology

BIO 3136  

Developmental Biology Lab

BIO 3343  

Histology

BIO 3143  

Histology Lab

BIO 3201  

Tissue Culture

BIO 3364  

Cell Biology

BIO 3164  

Cell Biology Lab

BIO 4305  

Integrative Metabolism

BIO 4105  

Integrative Metabolism Lab

BIO 4347  

Molecular Genetics

BIO 4147   Molecular Genetics Lab

BIO 4376  

Biochemistry

BIO 4310  

Cancer Biology

PHY 3325  

Intro to Biophysics

BIO 4323  

Immunology

BIO 4123  

Immunology Lab

Microbiology

The Biology degree with a Microbiology concentration provides excellent preparation for graduate study in many areas of biological science, as well as for professional study in medical, veterinary, or dental school. Graduates with bachelor’s degrees can pursue careers in industrial, environmental, clinical, food, or pharmaceutical microbiology, and can also work as technicians in university, government, industrial, or hospital research laboratories. 

Microbiology Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (4-8 SH)

BIO 4276  

or

BIO 3249  

Seminar

or

Seminar in Microbiology

BIO 4277  

Investigation and Research III

or

BIO 3647  

Research in Microbiology

≥ 10 SH of any of the following depth courses

BIO 3326  

Parasitology

BIO 3126  

Parasitology Lab

BIO 3231  

Microbiology

BIO 3232  

Microbiology Lab

BIO 4376  

Biochemistry

BIO 4176  

Biochemistry Lab

BIO 4308  

Virology

BIO 4323  

Immunology

BIO 4123  

Immunology Lab

Neurosciences

Students pursuing the Biology degree with a Neuroscience concentration will use methods and theories spanning disciplines from biochemistry to psychology to investigate the function of the nervous system. This concentration prepares students for advanced study in neuroscience or careers in biotechnology, governmental, pharmaceutical, health care, and social service organizations.

Neuroscience Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (8 SH)

BIO 4277  

Investigation and Research III

BIO 3315  

Fundamentals of Neuroscience

(*pre-req – BIO 3311  /BIO 3111  or BIO 2311  /BIO 2111  & BIO 2312  /BIO 2112  )

BIO 3115  

Fundamentals of Neuroscience Lab

BIO 3225  

Neuroscience Seminar

≥ 6 SH of any of the following depth courses

BIO 3336  

Developmental Biology

PSY 3301  

Biological Psychology

PSY 3307  

Social Psychology

PSY 3308  

Cognitive Psychology

PSY 2336  

Lifespan Psychology

PSY 3348  

Sensation and Perception

Pre-Health Professional

The Biology degree with a Pre-Professional concentration is designed to assist a student in gaining admission to and succeeding in a professional health program, including, but not limited to allopathic medicine, chiropractic medicine, dentistry, optometry, osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, physician assistant, physical therapy, podiatric medicine, and veterinary medicine.   

Pre-Health Professional Concentration (≥ 14 SH)

Required Courses (4 SH)

BIO 4276  

Seminar

BIO 4277  

Investigation and Research III

≥ 10 SH of any of the following depth courses

(at least 6 SH must be Biology courses)

BIO 2312  /BIO 2112  

Anatomy & Physiology II with Lab

BIO 3231  

Microbiology

BIO 3232  

Microbiology Lab

BIO 3310  

Biology of Aging

BIO 3361  

Human Physiology

BIO 3343  

Histology

BIO 3143  

Histology Lab

BIO 4352  

Intro to Med Phys/Pharm

BIO 4310  

Cancer Biology

BIO 4305  

Integrative Metabolism

BIO 4105  

Integrative Metabolism Lab

BIO 3364  

Cell Biology

BIO 3164  

Cell Biology Lab

BIO 4376  

Biochemistry

BIO 4176  

Biochemistry Lab

BIO 4323  

Immunology

BIO 4123  

Immunology Lab

PHY 1322  

College Physics II

PHY 1122  

College Physics II Lab

CHE 2327  

Organic Chemistry II

CHE 2127  

Organic Chemistry II Lab

Recommendations

Admission requirements for graduate, professional, or medical programs may vary. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that students investigate the requirements early, consult with their advisors, and plan their schedules accordingly. In addition, many courses have prerequisites of which students need to be aware. For detailed course options for specific concentrations, please refer to the departmental program planning worksheets: https://www.wssu.edu/admissions/programs/biology.html

Minor Curriculum 

Minor programs in the Department of Biological Sciences are designed for students pursuing major degrees outside of the Biological Sciences.  These programs are offered to students who may have an interest in the biological sciences or more focused interest in the areas of biotechnology or neuroscience.  Each minor program requires a minimum of 18 SH, with a required grade of “C−” or better in all required courses.  Requirements for each specific program are below.    

Biology Minor

Required General Education Courses

BIO 1313  /BIO 1113        General Biology I/Lab

BIO 1314  /BIO 1114        General Biology II/ Lab

In addition to the required general education courses, students must complete a minimum of 10 semester hours of biology courses (BIO) beyond the GE requirements.  

Biotechnology Minor

Required General Education Courses

BIO 1315                        Introduction to Biotechnology (BIO 1115  Lab optional)

BIO 1313  /BIO 1113        General Biology I/ Lab

BUA 3302                       Business Ethics

In addition to the required general education courses, students must complete ≥11 hours of courses from the biotechnology curriculum that is listed below.

BIO 4277        Investigation & Research or BIO 4406  Internship - Required

BIO 3305        Bioinformatics

BIO 3334        Molecular Biology and Biotechniques I

BIO 3347        Industrial Microbiology

BIO 3147        Industrial Microbiology Lab

BIO 4347        Molecular Genetics

BIO 4374        Proteomics

Neuroscience Minor 

Required General Education Courses

BIO 1313  /BIO 1113        General Biology I/Lab

PSY 1301                        Introduction to Psychological Sciences

In addition to the general education courses, students must complete a minimum of 18-19 hours of courses related physiology, neuroscience, and psychology. This can be done by completing either the Neuroscience I or II pathway.

Neuroscience Pathway I

Required courses:

BIO 2311       Anatomy & Physiology I

BIO 2111       Anatomy & Physiology I Lab

BIO 2312       Anatomy & Physiology II

BIO 2112       Anatomy & Physiology II Lab

BIO 3315       Fundamentals of Neuroscience

BIO 3115       Fundamentals of Neuroscience Lab

BIO 3225       Neuroscience Seminar

BIO 4277       Investigation and Research III

 

Select one Psychological Sciences course from the following:

PSY 3301      Biological Psychology

PSY 3307      Social Psychology

PSY 3308      Cognitive Psychology

PSY 2336      Lifespan Psychology

PSY 3348      Sensation and Perception

Neuroscience Pathway II

Required courses:

BIO 3311      Fundamentals of Anatomy &

                   Physiology

BIO 3111      Fundamentals of Anatomy &

                   Physiology Lab

BIO 3315      Fundamentals of Neuroscience

BIO 3115      Fundamentals of Neuroscience Lab

BIO 3225      Neuroscience Seminar

BIO 4277      Investigation and Research III

 

Select two Psychological Sciences course from the following:

PSY 3301      Biological Psychology

PSY 3307      Social Psychology

PSY 3308      Cognitive Psychology

PSY 2336      Lifespan Psychology

PSY 3348      Sensation and Perception

 

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